What is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer among males age
15 to 44. After motor vehicle accidents and suicide, cancer is the
leading cause of death in this age group, followed by homicide, heart
disease, and HIV. Testicular cancer is known as the young man's
Early detection is the key to survival. Testicular cancer has a very
fast onset since the tumors can be very aggressive. When the cancer is
confined to the testicles, there is often no pain. By the time pain
develops, it is often a sign that the cancer has already spread.
Survival rates increase significantly if treatment has begun before
the cancer has a chance to metastasize.
Upon reaching puberty, all men should conduct testicular self-exams at
least monthly and preferably every time they shower. The purpose of a
testicular self-exam is to familiarize yourself with the size, shape
and texture of your testicles. If you notice any change, especially a
lump, it is imperative that you see your doctor immediately. Diagnosis
is non-invasive, and involves using ultrasound to look at the density,
size and shape of the testicles and other masses in the scrotum.